Flag of Germany

    Germany Flag
    Germany flag facts
    Name Bundesflagge
    ("Federal Flag")
    Adopted 23 May 1949
    Proportion 3:5
    Colors Black, Red and
    Gold
    Germany flag
    Germany flag
    Flag of Germany
    The flag of Germany consists of three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and gold. Flags used by German government for official purposes are defaced with the Bundesschild ("Federal Shield"), which overlaps with up to one fifth of the black and gold bands.
    First flag of Germany


    Germany flag
    Earliest flag of Germany
    Black, red and gold colors have played an important role in German history and can be traced back to the medieval banner of the Holy Roman Emperor - a black eagle with red claws and beak on a gold field. The Holy Roman Empire was a German-majority, multi-ethnic empire in central Europe from its beginning in 962 until it was defeated by Napoleon on August 6, 1806 at the Battle of Austerlitz.
    Germany Flag from 1871 to 1919
    Germany flag
    Germany Flag (1871 to 1919)
    When Germany was unified in 1871 under Otto von Bismarck, it chose a national flag with horizontal stripes of black-white-red (black and white are the colors of Prussia, of which Bismarck was Chancellor, and red was from Hanseatic League)
    Germany Flag from 1919 to 1933
    Germany flag
    Germany Flag (1919 to 1933)
    After Germany’s defeat in the First World War, Weimar Republic was founded in August 1919. To form a continuity between the anti-autocratic movement of the 19th century and the new democratic republic, the old black-red-gold tricolour was designated as the national German flag in the Weimar Constitution in 1919
    Germany Flag from 1933 to 1945

    Germany flag
    Germany Flag (1933 to 1945)
    A red flag with a black swastika (Hakenkreuz) in a white disk at the middle was introduced by Hitler as his party flag in mid-1920s. Nazi government came to power in 1933 and they made their party flag, the Hakenkreuz, the national flag
    Germany Flag since 1949
    Germany flag
    Germany Flag (1949 - present)
    Germany was split following its defeat in the World War II and the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) restored the old black-red-yellow flag on May 23, 1949. The same tricolour was also used in the communist-dominated German Democratic Republic (East Germany), although its coat of arms was added to the tricolour in 1959. The two Germanys were reunited in 1990 and Unified Germany continued using the black-red-gold flag of the West Germany
    Germany flag display rules
    Germany flag
    Germany flag display rules

    Vertical Germany flags are very common. The proportions of these vertical flags are not specified. When hung like a banner or draped, the black band should be on the left, as illustrated. When flown from a vertical flagpole, the black band must face the staff. In 1996, a layout for the vertical version of the government flag was established: the Bundesschild is displayed in the centre of the flag, overlapping with up to one fifth of the black and gold bands.
    Germany Flag Days
    German flag must be flown from public buildings on Flag Days

    Flag Day Name Explanation
    27 January Commemoration Day for the Victims of National SocialismAnniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz concentration camp (1945), observed by the United Nations as International Holocaust Remembrance Day (half-staff)
    1 MayInternational Workers' DayInternational Workers' Day
    9 MayEurope DayAnniversary of the Schuman Declaration, leading to the European Union
    23 May Basic Law DayAnniversary of the German Basic Law
    17 JuneJahrestag des 17. Juni 1953Anniversary of the Uprising of 1953 in East Germany
    20 JulyJahrestag des 20. Juli 1944Anniversary of the July 20 plot, the failed assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler by Claus von Stauffenberg
    3 OctoberGerman Unity DayAnniversary of German reunification
    The 2nd Sunday before AdventNational day of mourning In memory of all killed during wartime (half-staff)
    Germany flag
    Germany state flag
    State Flag of Germany
    The government flag of Germany is officially known as the Dienstflagge der Bundesbehörden (state flag of the federal authorities) or Bundesdienstflagge for short. Introduced in 1950, the government flag is the civil flag defaced with the Bundesschild ("Federal Shield"), which overlaps with up to one fifth of the black and gold bands.
    Germany flag
    Germany state flag
    State Flag of Germany
    The government flag of Germany is officially known as the Dienstflagge der Bundesbehörden (state flag of the federal authorities) or Bundesdienstflagge for short. Introduced in 1950, the government flag is the civil flag defaced with the Bundesschild ("Federal Shield"), which overlaps with up to one fifth of the black and gold bands. The Bundesschild is a variant of the coat of arms of Germany, whose main differences are the illustration of the eagle and the shape of the shield: the Bundesschild is rounded at the base, whereas the standard coat of arms is pointed. The government flag may only be used by federal government authorities and its use by others is an offence, punishable with a fine. However, public use of flags similar to the Bundesdienstflagge (e.g. using the actual coat of arms instead of the Bundesschild) is tolerated.
    Germany flag pictures and images
    Germany flag
    Germany flag pictures and images
    Germany flag
    Germany flag pictures and images
    Germany flag
    Germany flag pictures and images
    Germany flag
    Germany flag pictures and images
    Germany flag
    Germany flag pictures and images

    Germany flag